冬虫夏草的中英文介绍（About Caterpillar fungus）
1、Cordyceps sinensis, also known as Chinese caterpillar fungus, or cordyceps is a parasitic fungus Cordyceps bat moth larvae in the body of the sub - Block and larval body complex. Ergot fungus belonging to orders, ergot fungus Branch, Cordyceps. As the name suggests, Chinese caterpillar fungus of course, is a worm in winter, while in summer it becomes a grass. Why amazing? It turned out that Cordyceps bat moth is a known animal, will be producing eggs in the ground to make it grow like silkworms hatched larvae in general. In addition, there is a spore, will go through water infiltration into the ground, seek out the parasitic bat moth larvae, and larvae of the body to absorb nutrition, and rapid reproduction, known as the Cordyceps fungi. When the hyphae grew slowly at the same time, the larvae have grown up with the slow, but drilled the ground. Until the mycelium to grow to a full of parasites, the larvae will die, this time exactly winter, that is, the so-called winter worm. When air temperatures rise, the mycelium will be the head slowly from the winter worm germination, grow grass like a normal child seat of fungi, known as summer grass. The head of the child seat in fungi contain ascus, ascus containing a spore. When the ascus mature, spores will be shed, once again looking for the bat moth larvae as hosts, this is the cycle of Cordyceps sinensis.
2、winter worm, summer grass, Cordyceps sinensis is a treasure. “Chinese caterpillar fungus called Cordyceps, Chinese caterpillar fungus parasitic fungi in winter moth larvae to the development made in summer. Cordyceps hence the name.
From the appearance point of view, Chinese caterpillar fungus parasites golden yellow, light yellow or yellow-brown, and also because the price is expensive and the “golden grass,” said. because of its high medicinal value, efficiency is good, at home and abroad are regarded as treasures, the market demand is strong, but the amount of its scarce natural resources, so the price is very expensive.
whether the worm or caterpillar fungus Grass?More simply, that is, Vespertilionidae bat moths for many types of other offspring, spawning in the soil, after the eggs into larvae, previously, the Cordyceps fungus penetrated larvae absorb the material as the survival of larvae of the nutritional conditions, and the larvae continue to breeding, resulting in larvae filled with mycelium, in the coming year 5-7 when the weather gets warmer months, since the larvae grow yellow or light brown head and seat of the bacteria, the growth was out of the ground after the grass stalk-like, the result we usually see caterpillar fungus. Thus, although the shape of both insects and grass, but Non-insect non-grass and algae are bacteria.
Cordyceps sinensis is mainly distributed in China’s Qinghai, Tibet, Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Gansu, about 4,000 meters above sea level at high altitude. professionals, according to the different origin are brided into Qinghai, grass, grass Tibet , Sichuan grass, Yunnan grass. There are also produced in Qinghai to Tibet, collectively known as the possession of Cordyceps sinensis. Generally speaking, Qinghai, Tibet, Cordyceps sinensis produced in the two places than in other parts of the intrinsic quality of a good, well received by the market welcomed the price of higher.
3、caterpillar fungus (Cordyceps sinensis) expensive Chinese herbal medicine, referred to as “Chinese caterpillar fungus.” Cordyceps fungus (see ergot Section), the parasitic larvae of moths in the bat. Were parasitized larvae overwinter in the frozen soil layer below, known as winter worm. Winter bug due to the progressive development of fungal hyphae into the body and the dead. In summer, ministers from the dead larvae out of a handle head and neck, and slender Rod child seat, child seat out soil, the grass seemed to be known as the summer grass. Dead larvae and fungi collectively known as the sub-blocks
Cordyceps Cordyceps sinensis in China, 26 species, 24 species are known to be parasitic insects. Host insects, including Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Homoptera, Hemiptera, Hymenoptera, Diptera, Isoptera, Orthoptera and spiders, to parasitic Cordyceps bat moth larvae in the Lepidoptera, the most valuable. Larvae host plants Polygonum viviparum underground stem. Born in grasslands over the ground. Produced in China, Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu, Qinghai and Tibet provinces.
according to the origin of different Cordyceps can be brided into: ① furnace grass, are grown in western Sichuan, where the Batang and pond area, in order to Kangding (Tachienlu) as a cargo distribution; ② Yunnan grass, grown in southern Sichuan, western Yunnan area, to Kunming as a distribution center; ③ shrub-grass, are grown in Sichuan Songpan area in order to Guanxian the distribution center.
early as the 18th century, China has to do with the Chinese caterpillar fungus medicine, in order to dry the child seat and parasite medicine, sexually warm, sweet, there are Bufei Yishen complement the essence of phlegm to stop bleeding and other functions, attending Consumption From Hemoptysis , impotence nocturnal emission, waist and knee pain.
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